Mordecai

Mordecai
   The son of Jair, of the tribe of Benjamin. It has been alleged that he was carried into captivity with Jeconiah, and hence that he must have been at least one hundred and twenty-nine years old in the twelfth year of Ahasuerus (Xerxes). But the words of Esther do not necessarily lead to this conclusion. It was probably Kish of whom it is said (ver. 6) that he "had been carried away with the captivity."
   He resided at Susa, the metropolis of Persia. He adopted his cousin Hadassah (Esther), an orphan child, whom he tenderly brought up as his own daughter. When she was brought into the king's harem and made queen in the room of the deposed queen Vashti, he was promoted to some office in the court of Ahasuerus, and was one of those who "sat in the king's gate" (Esther 2:21). While holding this office, he discovered a plot of the eunuchs to put the king to death, which, by his vigilance, was defeated. His services to the king in this matter were duly recorded in the royal chronicles.
   Haman (q.v.) the Agagite had been raised to the highest position at court. Mordecai refused to bow down before him; and Haman, being stung to the quick by the conduct of Mordecai, resolved to accomplish his death in a wholesale destruction of the Jewish exiles throughout the Persian empire (Esther 3:8-15). Tidings of this cruel scheme soon reached the ears of Mordecai, who communicated with Queen Esther regarding it, and by her wise and bold intervention the scheme was frustrated. The Jews were delivered from destruction, Mordecai was raised to a high rank, and Haman was executed on the gallows he had by anticipation erected for Mordecai (6:2-7:10). In memory of the signal deliverance thus wrought for them, the Jews to this day celebrate the feast (9:26-32) of Purim (q.v.).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Mordecai — m Biblical: the name of Esther s cousin and foster father, who secured her introduction to King Ahasuerus (Esther 2–9). The name is of Persian origin and seems to have meant ‘devotee of the god Marduk’. It had some currency among English Puritans …   First names dictionary

  • Mordecai — masc. proper name, biblical cousin of Esther, from Heb. Mordekhay, from Akkad. Marduk, chief god of the city of Babylon …   Etymology dictionary

  • Mordecai — [môr′də kī΄] n. [Heb mordĕkhai] 1. a masculine name: dim. Mordy 2. Bible the cousin of Esther (in the Book of Esther), who saved the Jews from the destruction planned by Haman: cf. PURIM …   English World dictionary

  • Mordecai — For other uses, see Mordecai (disambiguation). Esther and Mordecai, by Aert de Gelder Mordecai or Mordechai (Hebrew: מָרְדֳּכַי, Modern  …   Wikipedia

  • Mordecai — /mawr di kuy , mawr di kay uy/, n. 1. the cousin and guardian of Esther who delivered the Jews from the destruction planned by Haman. Esther 2 8. 2. a male given name. * * * In the biblical book of Esther, the cousin or guardian of Esther.… …   Universalium

  • Mordecai — (fl. 5th cent BCE)    Persian palace official at Shushan during the reign of Ahasuerus. His niece Esther was part of the king s harem. Through her Mordecai informed the king of an assassination plot against him. Later, when Mordecai refused to… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Mordecai — A Jewish hero in the story of Esther, which illustrates the reversal of fortunes. His execution for lack of respect to Haman, favourite in the court of the Persian king Ahasuerus, was authorized by the king, along with extermination of Jews… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Mordecai — Recorded as both Mordacai and Mordecai, this was originally a personal name, becoming much later, a surname. However spelt it is of ancient Hebrew origins, and although once thought to have some Breton Celtic Welsh ancestry, this is is almost… …   Surnames reference

  • Mordecai Richler — Born January 27, 1931(1931 01 27) Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Died July 3, 2001(2001 07 03) (aged 70)[1] Occupation …   Wikipedia

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